Health Threats and Obesity
Obesity is a serious problem. We strive to provide treatment options, education, lifestyle modification plans, and ongoing aftercare programs to safely and effectively treat obesity.
Morbid obesity brings with it an increased risk for a shorter life expectancy. For individuals whose weight exceeds twice their ideal body weight (that's about six percent of the U.S. population), the risk of an early death is doubled compared to non-obese individuals.
The risk of death from diabetes or heart attack is five to seven times greater for those who are obese. Even beyond the issue of obesity-related health conditions, weight gain alone can lead to a condition known as "end-stage" obesity where, for the most part, no treatment options are available. Yet an early death is not the only potential consequence.
Social, psychological and economic effects of morbid obesity, however unfair, are real and can be especially difficult.
Seriously overweight persons face constant challenges to their emotions: repeated failure with dieting, disapproval from family and friends, sneers and remarks from strangers. They often experience discrimination at work, cannot fit comfortably in theater seats, or ride in a bus or plane.
Acid belongs in the stomach and seldom causes any problem when it stays there. When acid escapes into the esophagus through a weak or overloaded valve at the top of the stomach, the result is called gastroesophageal reflux, and heartburn and acid indigestion are common symptoms. Approximately 10 to 15 percent of patients with even mild sporadic symptoms of heartburn will develop a condition called Barrett's esophagus, which is a pre-malignant change in the lining membrane of the esophagus, a cause of esophageal cancer.
High Blood Pressure/Heart Disease
Excess body weight strains the ability of the heart to function properly. The resulting hypertension (high blood pressure) can result in strokes, as well as inflict significant heart and kidney damage.
Infertility and Urinary Stress
The inability or diminished ability to produce offspring.
A large, heavy abdomen and relaxation of the pelvic muscles, especially associated with the effects of childbirth, may cause the valve on the urinary bladder to be weakened, leading to leakage of urine with coughing, sneezing, or laughing.
Morbidly obese individuals often experience disruptions of the menstrual cycle, including interruption of the menstrual cycle, abnormal menstrual flow and increased pain associated with the menstrual cycle.
Sleep Apnea/Respiratory Problems
Fat deposits in the tongue and neck can cause intermittent obstruction of the air passage. Because the obstruction is increased when sleeping on your back, you may find yourself waking frequently to reposition yourself. The resulting loss of sleep often results in daytime drowsiness and headaches.
Type 2 Diabetes
Obese individuals develop a resistance to insulin, which regulates blood sugar levels. Over time, the resulting high blood sugar can cause serious damage to the body.
According to a position statement released in 2011 by the International Diabetes Federation, surgery should be considered as a treatment for obese patients with diabetes. When it comes to weight-loss surgery for diabetics, gastric bypass surgery reverses the disease even before the patients lose the weight.
Dr. Jerome Schrapps, medical director of the CHRISTUS Southeast Texas Bariatric Center, stated, "Patients that should consider gastric bypass for the treatment of their diabetes are those with a BMI greater than 40 and are having difficulties with the medical management of their diabetes. At the Bariatric Center here in Beaumont, we're finding that more and more insurance companies are paying for gastric bypass. I would say that right now about 70 percent of patients that I see have insurance coverage for these procedures."
Osteoarthritis of Weight-Bearing Joints
The additional weight placed on joints, particularly knees and hips, results in rapid wear and tear, along with pain caused by inflammation. Similarly, bones and muscles of the back are constantly strained, resulting in disk problems, pain and decreased mobility.