A bunion can show up as a bony bump on the joint of your big toe. Bunions can occur when the bones in the front part of your foot shift out of place. In this moment, the tip of your big toe is getting pulled closer to your smaller toes thus forcing the joint that makes up the base of your biggest toe to poke out.

Bunions can also be a result of the shape of your foot, a deformity of the foot, or even a medical condition known as arthritis. Bunions smaller in size, known as bunionettes, can also reside on the joint that makes up your smallest toe.

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Causes of Bunions

There are a variety of reasons as to why you may experience the development of bunions. One primary reason for the formation of this deformity is due to wearing shoes that fit improperly. This can include shoes that are too tight, too narrow, or even high-heeled shoes. People who have occupations where they have to wear such shoes on a regular basis are particularly susceptible to developing bunions.

Symptoms of Bunions

The most common symptom of a bunion is pain or discomfort around the joint of your big toe. You may also notice that your big toe is pointing away from your other toes, and that the joint at the base of your big toe is protruding outward.

The skin around this area may also become red and irritated. Other symptoms of bunions that may occur include swelling in the affected area, a burning sensation or numbness in your foot, and difficulty walking or moving your big toe.

Treatment and Risk Factors

Treatment for Bunions

  • Wearing shoes that are not too tight
  • Medications such as Tylenol, Aleve, Advil or Motrin can be helpful for the pain
  • Shoe inserts can help with reducing the pressure on the foot and buffer pain between the shoe you are wearing and the area where there the bunion is located
  • Utilize and ice pack for swelling
  • Surgery

Risk Factors

There are a number of factors that may contribute to the development of bunions, including wearing shoes that fit improperly, foot injuries or deformities, and certain medical conditions such as arthritis.

Genetics may also play a role in the formation of bunions, particularly if there is a family history of this condition. If you are concerned about developing bunions, it is important to be aware of these risk factors and take steps to prevent the condition.

Finding Treatment Options

If you notice the presence of a bunion, it is important to seek medical attention right away. Your doctor can recommend a range of treatment options depending on the severity of your condition, including changes in footwear, padding and taping techniques, as well as surgical options if needed. With proper care and treatment, you can manage your bunions and minimize any pain or discomfort.