What is Hip Dysplasia?
In pediatrics, hip dysplasia is typically diagnosed in infants and young children. Early diagnosis and treatments are essential, as the condition can become more severe with time if it is not correctly treated.
The goal of treatment for hip dysplasia is to stabilize the hip joint and maximize function while minimizing pain.
It causes instability, or looseness, of the joint, leading to pain, impaired movement, and decreased function.
In severe cases, hip dysplasia can cause hip joint dislocation or even displacement. However, early treatment and management can help prevent long-term complications associated with hip dysplasia.
Signs & Symptoms
The signs and symptoms of hip dysplasia vary depending on the child's age when it is diagnosed.
Infants: In newborns, the common signs and symptoms of hip dysplasia can include:
- One leg is shorter than the other
- Limited range of motion in the hip joint
- A "clunking" sound when moving the hips
- An uneven skin fold on either side of the groin area
- Abnormal positioning of the thigh and lower leg
Children: In older children, signs and symptoms of hip dysplasia can include:
- A limp or waddling gait while walking
- Difficulty standing on one leg
- Pain in the hip area Limping during exercise
- Decreased range of motion in the hip joint
- Abnormal positioning of the thigh and lower leg.
What Causes Hip Dysplasia in Children?
Hip dysplasia in children is an abnormal hip joint formation, which can lead to instability and chronic pain. The exact cause of hip dysplasia is unknown; however, it is believed that genetic and environmental factors may play a role.
Risk factors for hip dysplasia can vary. The most common factors include family history, maternal age, and certain medical conditions.
- Family history can be a factor because if someone has had developmental dysplasia, it increases the chances of having it again.
- Maternal age is also a factor because older mothers are more likely to have a pregnancy with developmental dysplasia.
- Certain medical conditions, such as diabetes or obesity, can also increase the likelihood of having developmental dysplasia.